Japanese Industrial Standard

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This article is about Japanese Industrial Standards in general; see JIS encoding for the character encoding used in representing the Japanese language for computer software and communication.

Image:JIS.png Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan. The standardization process is coordinated by Japanese Industrial Standards Committee and published through Japanese Standards Association.

Contents

History

In the Meiji era, private enterprises were responsible for making standards. However, the Japanese government did have standards and specification documents for procurement purposes for certain articles, such as munitions.

These were summarized to form an official standard (old JES) in 1921. During World War II, simplified standards were established to increase matériel output.

The present Japanese Standards Association were established after Japan's defeat of World War II in 1945. The Japanese Industrial Standards Committee regulations were promulgated in 1946, Japanese standards (new JES) was formed.

The Industrial Standardization Law was enacted in 1949, which forms the legal foundations for the present Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS).

The Industrial Standardization Law was revised in 2004 and the "JIS mark" (product certification system) was changed.

Standards classification and numbering

Standards are named like "JIS X 0208:1997", where X denotes area division, followed by four digits (or five digits for some of the standards corresponding ISO standards), and the revision release year. Divisions of JIS and significant standards are:

  • A - Civil Engineering and Architecture
  • B - Mechanical Engineering
    • JIS B 7021-1989 : Classification and Water Resistibility of Water Resistant Watches for General Use
    • JIS B 7512-1993 : Steel tape measures
    • JIS B 7516-1987 : Metal Rules
  • C - Electronic and Electrical Engineering
    • JIS C 0920:2003 : Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
  • D - Automotive Engineering
  • E - Railway Engineering
  • F - Shipbuilding
  • G - Ferrous Materials and Metallurgy
  • H - Nonferrous Materials and Metallurgy
  • K - Chemical Engineering
  • L - Textile Engineering
  • M - Mining
  • P - Pulp and Paper
    • JIS P 0138-61 (JIS P 0138:1998): process finished paper size (ISO 216 with a slightly different B series)
  • Q - Management System
  • R - Ceramics
  • S - Domestic Wares
  • T - Medical Equipment and Safety Appliances
  • W - Aircraft and Aviation
  • X - Information Processing
    • JIS X 0201:1997 : Japanese national variant of ISO 646
    • JIS X 0202:1998 : Japanese national standard which corresponds to ISO 2022
    • JIS X 0208:1997 : 7-bit and 8-bit double byte coded KANJI sets for information interchange
    • JIS X 0212:1990 : Code of the supplementary Japanese graphic character set for information interchange
    • JIS X 0213:2004 : 7-bit and 8-bit double byte coded extended Kanji sets for information interchange
    • JIS X 0221-1:2001 : Japanese national standard which corresponds to ISO 10646
    • JIS X 0401:1973 : To-do-fu-ken (prefecture) identification code
    • JIS X 0402:2003 : Identification code for cities, towns and villages
    • JIS X 0405:1994 : Commodity classification code
    • JIS X 0408:2004 : Identification code for universities and colleges
    • JIS X 0501:1985 : Bar code symbol for uniform commodity code
    • JIS X 3001-1:1998, JIS X 3001-2:2002, JIS X 3001-3 : Fortran programming language
    • JIS X 3002:1992 : COBOL
    • JIS X 3005-1:2002 : SQL
    • JIS X 3010:2003 : C programming language
    • JIS X 3014:2003 : [[C++]]
    • JIS X 3030:1994 : POSIX
    • JIS X 4061:1996 : Collation of Japanese character string
    • JIS X 6002:1980 : Keyboard layout for information processing using the JIS 7 bit coded character set
    • JIS X 6054-1:1999 : MIDI
    • JIS X 6241:1997 : 120 mm DVD -- Read-only disk
    • JIS X 6243:1998 : 120 mm DVD Rewritable Disk (DVD-RAM)
    • JIS X 6245:1999 : 80 mm (1.23GB/side) and 120 mm (3.95GB/side) DVD-Recordable-Disk (DVD-R)
    • JIS X 9051:1984 : 16-dots matrix character patterns for display devices
    • JIS X 9052:1983 : 24-dots matrix character patterns for dot printers
  • Z - Miscellaneous

See also

External links

ja:日本工業規格 pl:JIS zh:日本工业规格