Tseung Kwan O

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Tseung Kwan O (Chinese: 將軍澳, Cantonese Jyutping: zoeng1 gwan1 ou3; Cantonese IPA: Template:IPA; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiāngjūn Aò; formerly Junk Bay) is a new town in Hong Kong, mainly built on reclaimed land in the northern half of the bay after which it is named.



Image:China2004 991.jpg Tseung Kwan O is a bay near the eastern mouth of Hong Kong's Victoria Harbour. The new town is within Sai Kung District in the eastern New Territories, but it is often incorrectly regarded as part of Kowloon due to its close proximity to the city. The total development area of Tseung Kwan O, including its industrial estate, is about 1005 hectares.


In Cantonese, Tseung Kwan (將軍) means the "General" of an army, and O (澳) means "bay". Therefore, Tseung Kwan O literally means "General's Bay".

The exact origin of the name Tseung Kwan O is unknown, but it is said to be named in honour of a Ming Dynasty general who visited Tseung Kwan O at some point. Another theory is that the name was chosen in the 17th Century, when naval battles were fought against pirates from Japan at Tseung Kwan O.


Before new town development, the area around the bay was occupied by a number of fishing towns and villages. The Tseung Kwan O Village in the northern tip of the bay is about 600 years old. Other towns and villages include Rennie's Mill, Hang Hau and Yau Yu Wan. Rennie's Mill was where Kuomintang loyalists were settled following the end of the Chinese civil war, and Hang Hau had a ship building industry.

The Hong Kong Government had been interested in developing a new town at Hang Hau because of its proximity to the urban area. The project was postponed for a long time owing to the extensive scale of reclamation in the bay, which is rather deep. It finally started under the name of Tseung Kwan O.

The New Town was developed in three phases:

Tseung Kwan O Village

Image:China2004 990.jpg Image:Tseungkwanovillage.jpg Tseung Kwan O Village, one of the oldest communities in the area, is a sleepy and comfortable village that rests at the foot of a small mountain. Before major development in the 70's by the Hong Kong Government, the ocean was merely one hundred feet away but the land has since be reclaimed and the urban area is built upon it.

The inhabitants of the village are mostly native to Hong Kong. They are mainly from the families 'Ng' and 'Chan', with the current village head in 2006 being a 'Ng'. A British Law passed in 1895 declared inhabitants of various villages native to the territory and granted them special land, burial and inheritance rights. However, as land becomes more scarce and expensive, many people are challenging this old law. The old Tseung Kwan O dialect is also becoming a thing of the past as the new generations no longer know how to speak their ancestor's tongue.

Tseung Kwan O Village used to be a small fishing and horticultural village. Dynamite and nets were often the normal tools for fishing and simple rope traps were used to trap owls for dried meat. Villages also used to have annual celebrations and trading between each other. However, this old way of life has been disrupted by urbanization and the landscape has been altered by sea reclamation.

Population and Constituent Areas

According to statistics from the 2001 Census, the population of Tseung Kwan O New Town is around 290,095.

As Tseung Kwan O is not considered a formal entity in the census, the above population figure takes into account residents of the following areas in Sai Kung District which comprise Tseung Kwan O New Town: Hang Hau, Sheung Tak, Tsui Lam, Hong King, Po Lam, Yan Ying, Wan Hang, King Lam, Hau Tak, Fu Yu, Tung Ming, On Hong, and Kwon Ming.

The other three census areas in Sai Kung District- namely Sai Kung Central, Pak Sha Wan, and Sai Kung Islands- are not part of Tseung Kwan O.


Tseung Kwan O Hospital is located on Po Ning Lane in the Hang Hau area. A public sports centre and a library are situated by the roundabout at the end of Tseung Kwan O Tunnel Road. Tseung Kwan O lacks a performing arts centre.



Tseung Kwan O is served by the MTR metro systems's Tseung Kwan O Line, which currently has four stations in the district:

All stations are either connected to or in the proximity of shopping centres and large private housing developments.


The new town is also connected by a well-covered public bus and minibus network. Hong Kong's three major bus operators all have routes with termini in Tseung Kwan O:


Several main roads lead to Tseung Kwan O:

Industrial Estate

Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate is located in the southeast of the town. It is the site of an MTR depot, TVB City, and the future mass housing development Dream City. Bus routes 797M (NWFB) and 298E (KMB) connect the industrial estate to the new town.


Tseung Kwan O has several major shopping complexes:

The largest shopping centre is Metro City (Chinese: 新都城) located by Po Lam MTR Station. Metro City is divided into three phases and contains most of Hong Kong's major chains such as Park'n Shop (supermarket) and Fortress (electronics) in addition to a selection of restaurants ranging from Maxim's Chinese Restaurant to McDonald's and everything in between.

Hang Hau MTR Station is surrounded by an extensive network of mid-sized shopping arcades linked by footbridges. The mainstay of this multifarious complex is the Jusco department store at East Point City (Chinese: 東港城).

Southern Tseung Kwan O is home to Park Central (Chinese: 將軍澳中心) and Tseung Kwan O Plaza (Chinese: 將軍澳廣場). Both complexes are very new and relatively underdeveloped with little more than a handful of restaurants and small shops.

See also


External links

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